Travel Ninja

Essential Driving Strategies for Spain [Tourist’s Guide]

Navigating the sun-drenched roads of Spain can transform a simple holiday into an unforgettable adventure! Renting a car is not just a convenience but a passport to discovering the hidden gems of the Iberian Peninsula. Away from the hustle of main cities, the Spanish roads unfold in wide, accommodating stretches, making driving in Spain a true pleasure. The roads are in excellent condition and considered super safe for any tourist looking to venture beyond the usual.

Whether you’re aiming to explore the historic alleys of Málaga or the vibrant scenes of Barcelona, having your own wheels offers the flexibility to explore independently and make the most of your itinerary. Before you set off, make sure to brush up on the local driving rules and requirements—a little practical advice can go a long way in ensuring your road trip through Spain is both safe and exhilarating.

Know The Types Of Roads And Gas

Navigating Spain’s road system is a breeze once you understand the layout of motorways and main roads. The Highways, or autopistas, marked with an A or E and the road number, connect major cities and regions efficiently. If you find yourself on a Toll road, indicated by AP before the road number, prepare to pay a fee for these usually less congested routes. Don’t forget to watch for exits, or salidas, which are helpfully numbered.

Fueling your vehicle is also straightforward but carries its peculiarities in Spain. The most commonly used gas types are Sin Plomo 95 (Regular Unleaded) and Sin Plomo 98 (Premium Unleaded), with Gasóleo (Diesel) as a popular option for heavier vehicles. Since Leaded gas was abandoned in 2006, it’s essential to use the right type for your rental car to avoid engine damage. Filling procedures at gas stations may vary—some require you to pay first, especially during night hours from 23:00 to 6:00, while others let you fill the tank before paying. Remember, Gasoline is relatively inexpensive compared to other parts of the EU and Japan, but still pricier than in the US.

Requirements For Driving In Spain As A Tourist

Venturing into Spain with the intention to drive? Knowing the requirements is crucial, especially for tourists. Firstly, you must be at least 18 years old to drive a car, but to rent one, you’ll need to be 21, and often there’s a surcharge for drivers under the age of 25. Renting a car as a foreigner is straightforward if you’re from the UK, EU, or countries recognized on a specific list—just bring your driver’s license. However, an International Driver’s Permit (IDP) may be necessary, especially if you lack a photocard-style license or plan to stay longer than 90 days.

Driving In Spain As A Tourist

Make sure to check with your authority before traveling. If you’re from the US, Canada, or a non-listed country, carrying an IDP is a must, which you can easily procure from your local post office or via the AAA/CAA. As for the vehicle itself, always have a passport, valid insurance, and credit card on file—debit cards are usually not accepted. Remember, when you drive, it’s compulsory to carry a fluorescent jacket and two warning triangles in your vehicle, essential driving requirements in Spain.

Driving To Spain From The United Kingdom

Embarking on a road trip from the UK to Spain? Crossing through France might be your scenic route, but it demands careful preparation and adherence to specific driving in Spain requirements. Whether you’re driving your own car or steering a hire vehicle, ensuring you have the correct documents is essential. This checklist not only includes your driving license but, depending on your situation, might also require an International Driver’s Permit (IDP) and your vehicle’s log book (V5C). If you’re in a rental, don’t forget the VE103 form which proves you’re authorized to take the car abroad. For comprehensive guidance and the latest requirements, always check the website before you set off on your adventure.

Where To Rent A Car In Spain

Planning to rent a car in Spain? Discover Cars offers a streamlined way to compare prices and packages from various car rental firms, ensuring you know exactly what’s included in your lease before you commit. Whether you’re starting your journey in Málaga, Madrid, or Seville, this platform makes it easy to secure the perfect vehicle for your Spanish adventure.

Rent A Car In Spain

By aggregating options, you can efficiently find a rental that fits both your needs and budget, allowing you more time to enjoy the vibrant sights and experiences of Spain.

What To Have In Your Car In Spain

When renting a car in Spain, or even driving your own car, there are certain safety items that are not just advisable but legally required to have on board. Before you hit the road, make sure to check the trunk of your car—whether it’s your personal vehicle or a rental—to ensure all essentials are in place. Spain’s law mandates that each vehicle carry a spare tire and the tools necessary to change it, along with two warning triangles. Additionally, for every person traveling in the vehicle, there must be a high-visibility vest or jacket. These items are crucial for your safety and compliance with local regulations, so never assume they’re included; always verify before you depart.

Safety Tips for Driving in Spain – Rules and Regulations

Drive On The Right

Embarking on a road trip across the scenic landscapes of Spain might feel just like driving back in the United States since both countries share the practice of driving on the right-hand side of the road. This commonality simplifies the adjustment for American tourists, offering a slice of familiarity far from home. Unlike some of its European neighbors—specifically the United Kingdom, Ireland, Malta, and Cyprus—Spain follows the majority of Europe in this regard, easing the transition for visitors from most other countries.

Drive on the right

This consistent rule of the road helps to mitigate some of the usual stress associated with driving in a new country, allowing you to focus more on the breathtaking views and less on the logistics of driving.

Adhere To Speed Limits When Driving In Spain

When driving in Spain, staying aware of the speed limits is crucial to avoid unwanted attention from the police and hefty fines. Unlike the UK, Spain, like most of Europe, measures speed in kilometers per hour instead of miles, so it’s vital to adjust your speedometer accordingly if it doesn’t automatically convert. On motorways and highways, known locally as autopistas and autovías, the limit is generally set at 120 km/h (74.5 mph), while on minor motorways—including carreteras nacionales, autonómicas, and comarcales—it drops to 90 km/h (56 mph).

In built-up, urban areas, the speed limit can further reduce to 50 km/h (31 mph), and in some residential urban areas, it’s as low as 20 km/h (12 mph). Familiarize yourself with these standard speed limits and always keep an eye out for local signs indicating changes, as these can save you from speeding tickets and ensure a smoother journey through Spain’s diverse landscapes.

Never Drive Under The Influence

While the allure of a cold beer on a sunny day near the Mediterranean Sea might be tempting, especially in the summer heat of Spain, never drive under the influence. Spain driving rules are strict, allowing only up to 0.5 g/l of alcohol in the bloodstream, or 0.25 mg/l in exhaled air. Given that alcohol can have a stronger impact in the heat, it’s wise to avoid drinking altogether if you’re the designated driver.

Mallorca, Spain

If you’ve indulged, leave the rental behind and use a taxi or Uber—widely available across Spain just as they are around the world—to return to your hotel safely. Remember, adhering to these rules not only keeps you safe but also ensures you enjoy your Spanish getaway without legal complications.

Wear A Seatbelt At All Times

In Spain, seatbelts are a legal requirement for all passengers in a car, whether they’re in the backseats or the front. This rule is rigorously enforced to enhance safety on the roads. According to Spanish law, children under the height of 135 cm (approximately 4’4″) must not only wear seatbelts but must also be seated in the rear of the car in a proper restraint seat designed for their safety. This regulation aims to protect young passengers in case of sudden stops or accidents, making it crucial for all drivers to comply and ensure that everyone in the vehicle is securely buckled up at all times.

Mobile Phones Are Prohibited While Driving

In Spain, using mobile phones or any other mobile device while driving is strictly illegal. This law includes making phone calls, sending text messages, or using maps to navigate during your journey. If you need to check your route or make adjustments, you’re required to pull over safely or have your co-pilot manage the device. Although hands-free or Bluetooth devices are allowed for making phone calls, earpiece attachments are prohibited to ensure that drivers remain focused on the road.

Mobile Phones Are Prohibited While Driving

This rule helps prevent distractions and maintain safety for all road users, making it a critical point of awareness for anyone behind the wheel in Spain.

Child Seat Requirements

In Spain, the child seat requirements are stringent to ensure the safety of young passengers. Children under 135 cm (about 4.5 feet) or under 12 years of age must be secured in a car seat located in the backseat of the vehicle. It’s illegal for them to sit in the front seats. If this rule is violated, drivers can face a fine of €200.

Child Seat Requirements

Once children surpass this height, they may transition to using an adult seat belt, reinforcing the importance of proper safety measures for all ages while driving.

Red Always Means Red

In Spain, unlike in the US, the driving rules about traffic lights are quite strict: red always means red. This means you must stay put at an intersection and not turn right on a red light—you can only proceed when it turns green. This rule reinforces the importance of patience and adherence to local laws to ensure safety on the roads.

Tips For Driving In Spain As A Tourist

Navigating Spain’s roads as a tourist can be a seamless experience with the right preparation. Beyond safety, knowing a few local driving quirks can enhance your journey. Unlike in the US, you must drive on the right-hand side of the road. Adjusting to this can take a moment, so it’s prudent to remain extra vigilant, especially at intersections and roundabouts. Additionally, understanding the speed limits is crucial—Spain uses kilometers per hour, not miles. Keep an eye out for the ubiquitous speed cameras, particularly in urban areas where limits drop significantly.

driving in spain

Remember, integrating smoothly with local traffic habits not only keeps you out of trouble but also enriches your driving experience in this beautiful country.

Keep Your Documents To Hand

When you drive in Spain, keeping your relevant documents at hand is more than just a convenience—it’s a necessity. Whether you’re venturing through the bustling streets of Barcelona or navigating the serene sierras, make sure to have all paperwork readily available, not tucked away in your hotel room. This includes your driver’s license, passport, and proof of insurance, which may be requested during a routine check by the police. By having these documents accessible, you ensure that any stops are brief and hassle-free, allowing you to continue your exploration of Spain’s rich landscapes and vibrant cities without undue delay.

Mind The Cyclists

Driving in Spain offers picturesque routes that are popular with cyclists, especially those on biking vacations. Given this popularity, it’s crucial to encounter cyclists with care. According to driving rules in Spain, when you overtake a cyclist, the maximum speed difference allowed is 20 km/h below the speed limit of the road you’re on. For instance, if the speed limit is 90 km/h, your overtaking speed should not exceed 70 km/h. This rule helps ensure safety for both drivers and cyclists, making it essential to adjust your speed accordingly while sharing the road.

Plan Your Route With Care

When driving in Spain as a tourist, the serene Spanish countryside offers breathtaking views, but it’s wise to plan your route with care. Some of the coastal roads and hilly interior areas can be particularly challenging, especially the routes to the White Towns of Andalucia, known for their winding and steep paths. These roads are best tackled by experienced and confident drivers who can navigate the «gnarly» stretches safely. Taking the time to map out your journey and understanding the demands of these routes will ensure a more enjoyable and safe travel experience through Spain’s diverse landscapes.

Prepare For A Manual Drive

Driving in Spain often means adapting to manual transmission cars, as automatic vehicles are relatively rare. Most rental agencies will have a predominantly manual fleet, and while you can request an automatic, not all places may be able to accommodate this preference. One of the most practical tips for driving in Spain is to familiarize yourself with operating a manual car before your travel. This preparation can significantly smooth your transition to the Spanish roads, ensuring that gear shifts and clutch use don’t detract from your driving experience across the scenic landscapes.

Download Essential Apps For Driving In Spain

Navigating Spain as a tourist behind the wheel becomes much easier with the right apps. Google Maps is a reliable GPS tool that helps you navigate without needing a printed map, while Waze offers additional perks such as real-time road alerts and more intuitive navigation; both are available for iOS and Android. For those venturing into remote areas, MAPS.ME provides an invaluable offline capability, ensuring you stay on track even without mobile data.

Download Essential Apps For Driving In Spain

Additionally, GasAll helps locate nearby petrol stations and displays pricing details to help you find the best deal on gas. These apps collectively enhance driving safety and convenience, making them essential tools for any driver in Spain.

Carry Cash For Toll Roads

When driving across Spain, it’s prudent to have cash on hand for toll roads. While many motorways within the national network are free, some autopistas de peaje, marked as AP on the map, do charge tolls. These roads are notably fast and clear of traffic, making them ideal for covering long distances efficiently. Although tolls can be paid with a credit or debit card, carrying a few euros in your wallet can save on surcharges that might apply to foreign cards. Moreover, navigational apps offer alternative routes to avoid toll roads; these free roads are often more scenic but might be busier. It’s always helpful to check a website to see which motorways require toll payment and plan accordingly.

Book Accommodation With Parking

When planning to rent a car in Spain, securing accommodation with parking can save you a lot of hassle, especially at night. Many hotels in central locations may add a surcharge for parking spaces, so it’s wise to explore options beforehand. Utilize apps like Booking, Agoda, VRBO, and Airbnb which allow you to filter properties by free or paid parking. This feature ensures you can find a place to stay without worrying about additional parking costs, making your driving experience much smoother and more enjoyable.

Note The Different Types Of Gas In Spain

Navigating the types of gas available for your rental car in Spain is crucial to avoid misfuelling mishaps. Leaded gasoline, once common, is no longer available; drivers must choose between unleaded options and diesel. The main unleaded fuels are Sin Plomo 98 (equivalent to Super 68) and Eurosuper 95, with the latter being more commonly used and slightly less expensive. For diesel engines, the options are Gasoil or Gasoleo. Always double-check what type of fuel your rental requires before filling up to ensure optimal vehicle performance and avoid any potential damage.

Do Not Leave Valuables In The Rental

When driving in Spain, one of the most important tips to remember is to never leave your important possessions in the car. In Spain, as in many countries, petty criminals often target rental vehicles looking for easy pickings. Always take your valuables and important documents with you when you exit the vehicle, even if it’s just for a quick stop. This precaution helps avoid tempting thieves and ensures you don’t lose vital items necessary for your travels.

Heed Parking Rules

While enjoying a vacation in Spain, nothing disrupts the fun like a parking fine. Remember, cars must be parked on the right-hand side of the road, except on one-way streets. Avoid spots where the curb is painted yellow or red, as these indicate no parking zones. If parking is required, make sure to pay for it; many cities have Paid parking spots marked with blue or green lines, typically imposing a two-hour maximum stay. Failing to obey parking rules can lead to your car being towed, turning an easy stop into a costly hassle.

Dial 112 In The Case Of An Emergency

If you find yourself in an emergency while driving in Spain, whether due to an accident or a crisis, remember that dialing 112 connects you directly to the emergency network across the country. This critical number can be reached from your smartphone or any of the emergency telephones located along the Spanish motorway system, ensuring you have quick access to assistance.

Dial 112 In The Case Of An Emergency

It’s a universal solution for urgent help, seamlessly linking you to necessary services no matter where you are on the road.

Follow These Safety Tips When Driving In Spain

  • In Spain, always remember to drive on the right side of the road; this is the norm, unlike some left-side driving nations. Traffic coming from the right generally has the right of way, which can be a new concept for left side drivers.
  • When on the highway, don’t be alarmed by cars flashing their headlights at you; it’s not aggression but a warning sign that they are about to overtake.
  • At intersections of highways, a roundabout may be present under the overpass, but remember, making a U-turn in these is forbidden in Spain.
  • Never cross a solid white line on the highway; wait for a broken line to safely indicate before pulling out or moving back in after overtaking—Spanish authorities are strict about enforcing this law.

Respect The Rules To Avoid Fines

In Spain, road accidents once stood as the leading non-natural cause of death, prompting the government and the DGT (Dirección General de Tráfico or Traffic General Direction) to tighten traffic rules and fines significantly. Driving in Spain requires strict adherence to these regulations to avoid hefty penalties.

For instance, both driver and passengers must wear seat belts, and drivers must not exceed the blood alcohol level of 0.5 g/l in the bloodstream to dodge severe penalties including fines, loss of license, and even imprisonment.

Furthermore, the speed limit varies by road type—120 km/h on highways and 50 km/h in urban areas. Using a mobile phone while driving is prohibited unless it’s a hands-free system; even when refuelling, turning off engines, lights, car radios, and especially mobile phones is a must to prevent any ignition or explosion risk.

Also, if you wear glasses, keeping a spare pair in the car is recommended, and always wearing a helmet on a motorbike or bicycle is mandated. These are just a few of the critical regulations that enhance safety and minimize the risk of fines.

Keep The Mandatory Documents And Gear In The Car

Navigating Spain by car necessitates having all mandatory documents and gear in your vehicle to comply with local laws and avoid potential hitches. Always carry your home country drivers’ license and an international driver’s licence if required, along with your car’s insurance documents and ownership or rental documents to verify your legal use of the vehicle. For emergencies, equip your car with a reflective vest readily accessible in the glove box, and ensure warning triangles are present to set up around your vehicle if you stop on the roadside.

Additionally, keep a spare tire and the necessary tools to install it, alongside a set of bulbs and tools for their replacement, should any lights fail while on the road. These preparations not only enhance safety but also ensure compliance with Spanish regulations, helping you enjoy a hassle-free journey.

Don’t Panic If You’re Stopped

When driving in Spain, encountering traffic police can be routine, especially outside of towns where the Policía Municipal handles traffic control and on highways monitored by the Guardia Civil de Tráfico via cars, motorcycles, and helicopters. If stopped, it’s crucial to calmly follow the instructions provided. Authorities often set up checkpoints to check drivers’ identity and vehicle documents, sometimes looking for drugs or criminals.

Under Spanish law, you’re required to wear a fluorescent jacket if you exit your vehicle along a highway; failing to do so may lead to an on-the-spot fine. Cooperation and preparation can ensure these stops are nothing more than a brief interruption to your journey.

Pay Your Driving Fines As Soon As Possible

In Spain, addressing traffic offenses promptly can save you from compounded troubles. If issued on-the-spot fines, which can reach up to 300€, it’s prudent to pay immediately to avoid your vehicle being impounded or immobilized. The authorities might even escort you to a bank’s ATM to ensure payment. For speeding fines, exceeding the speed limit can lead to severe penalties including the potential loss of your license and even jail time, with speeds 30% above the limit considered a serious offense.

Unmanned radar traps might send a photograph of your number plate to your rental company as irrefutable evidence of the violation. If you receive a notification (boletín de denuncia) detailing the offense and fine, it is possible to settle it at a post office, banks, or the local traffic department, and always ensure to get a receipt for your payment.

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